Rabbi Yechezkel Landau of Prague, the Noda Biyehuda (1713-1793)

The Noda Biyehuda spoke strongly against any Jew who entertained thoughts of revolting against Queen Maria Teresa. To prove that the obligation of honoring a monarch and not rebelling against him or her applies to a non-Jewish monarch, he cited two of the Three Oaths in Kesubos 111a: the prohibition on going up as a wall (which means, in his words, “that Israel must not gather together to go up and conquer Eretz Yisroel”) and the prohibition on rebelling against the government. (Printed in Kovetz Kerem Shlomo, year 16, Iyar 5753, p. 7.)